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Solve Cross Origin Resource Sharing with Flask

For the following ajax post request for Flask (how can I use data posted from ajax in flask?):

$.ajax({
    url: "http://127.0.0.1:5000/foo", 
    type: "POST",
    contentType: "application/json",
    data: JSON.stringify({'inputVar': 1}),
    success: function( data ) { 
        alert( "success" + data );
    }   
});

I get a Cross Origin Resource Sharing (CORS) error:

No 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' header is present on the requested resource. 
Origin 'null' is therefore not allowed access. 
The response had HTTP status code 500.

I tried solving it in the two following ways, but none seems to work.

  1. Using Flask-CORS

This is a Flask extension for handling CORS that should make cross-origin AJAX possible.

My pythonServer.py using this solution:

from flask import Flask
from flask.ext.cors import CORS, cross_origin

app = Flask(__name__)
cors = CORS(app, resources={r"/foo": {"origins": "*"}})
app.config['CORS_HEADERS'] = 'Content-Type'

@app.route('/foo', methods=['POST','OPTIONS'])
@cross_origin(origin='*',headers=['Content-Type','Authorization'])
def foo():
    return request.json['inputVar']

if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.run()
  1. Using specific Flask Decorator

This is an official Flask code snippet defining a decorator that should allow CORS on the functions it decorates.

My pythonServer.py using this solution:

from flask import Flask, make_response, request, current_app
from datetime import timedelta
from functools import update_wrapper

app = Flask(__name__)

def crossdomain(origin=None, methods=None, headers=None,
                max_age=21600, attach_to_all=True,
                automatic_options=True):
    if methods is not None:
        methods = ', '.join(sorted(x.upper() for x in methods))
    if headers is not None and not isinstance(headers, basestring):
        headers = ', '.join(x.upper() for x in headers)
    if not isinstance(origin, basestring):
        origin = ', '.join(origin)
    if isinstance(max_age, timedelta):
        max_age = max_age.total_seconds()

    def get_methods():
        if methods is not None:
            return methods

        options_resp = current_app.make_default_options_response()
        return options_resp.headers['allow']

    def decorator(f):
        def wrapped_function(*args, **kwargs):
            if automatic_options and request.method == 'OPTIONS':
                resp = current_app.make_default_options_response()
            else:
                resp = make_response(f(*args, **kwargs))
            if not attach_to_all and request.method != 'OPTIONS':
                return resp

            h = resp.headers

            h['Access-Control-Allow-Origin'] = origin
            h['Access-Control-Allow-Methods'] = get_methods()
            h['Access-Control-Max-Age'] = str(max_age)
            if headers is not None:
                h['Access-Control-Allow-Headers'] = headers
            return resp

        f.provide_automatic_options = False
        return update_wrapper(wrapped_function, f)
    return decorator

@app.route('/foo', methods=['GET','POST','OPTIONS'])
@crossdomain(origin="*")
def foo():
    return request.json['inputVar']

if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.run()

Can you please give some some indication of why that is?

Answer

It worked like a champ, after bit modification to your code

# initialization
app = Flask(__name__)
app.config['SECRET_KEY'] = 'the quick brown fox jumps over the lazy   dog'
app.config['CORS_HEADERS'] = 'Content-Type'

cors = CORS(app, resources={r"/foo": {"origins": "http://localhost:port"}})

@app.route('/foo', methods=['POST'])
@cross_origin(origin='localhost',headers=['Content- Type','Authorization'])
def foo():
    return request.json['inputVar']

if __name__ == '__main__':
   app.run()

I replaced * by localhost. Since as I read in many blogs and posts, you should allow access for specific domain