Its properties as it’s stated on Wikipedia are:
Now I am getting next seed value with
x = (1103515245 * x + 12345) % 0x80000000 ; // (The same as &0x7fffffff)
Although the generator seems to work, but when the numbers are tested on canvas:
cx = (x & 0x3fffffff) % canvasWidth; // Coordinate x (the same for cy)
They seem to be horribly biased: http://jsfiddle.net/7VmR9/3/show/
Why does this happen? By choosing a different modulo, the result of a visual test looks much better.
The testing JSFiddle is here: http://jsfiddle.net/7VmR9/3/
At last I fixed the transformation to canvas coordinates as in this formula:
var cx = ((x & 0x3fffffff)/0x3fffffff*canvasWidth)|0
Now the pixel coordinates are not so much malformed as when used the modulo operation.
Updated fiddle: http://jsfiddle.net/7VmR9/14/
For the generator the formula is (you forgot a modulus in the first part):
current = (multiplier * current * modul + addend) % modulus) / modulus
I realize that you try to optimize it so I updated the fiddle with this so you can use it as a basis for the optimizations: