Can I inject a CSS file programmatically using a content script js file?

Can I inject a CSS file programmatically using a content script js file?

It is possible for me to inject the css when the js file is linked to my popup.html. The problem is I have to click on the button to open the popup to inject the css. I want it to happen automatically and in the background.

What happens in my code…

  1. Get a variable from a MySQL database through a XMLHttpRequest
  2. Call the function, “processdata()”
  3. “processdata” Will process the data from the XMLHttpRequest. More specifically, split the variable, put it into 2 different variables and make them global
  4. I call the function, “click()”
  5. “click” Then will set the css after 1250 milliseconds using setTimeout
  6. I use chrome.tabs.insertCSS to insert the css. The css name is the variable, “currenttheme

As I mentioned before it does work using the popup. But the popup has to be opened before the CSS gets injected.

How do I make this all happen automatically, without any user interaction?

Here is my code:

    function getData() {
if (window.XMLHttpRequest)
      {// code for IE7+, Firefox, Chrome, Opera, Safari
      xmlhttp=new XMLHttpRequest();
      {// code for IE6, IE5
      xmlhttp=new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");
      if (xmlhttp.readyState==4 && xmlhttp.status==200)
        user_data = xmlhttp.responseText;
        window.user_data = user_data;


function processdata() {
  var downdata = user_data.split('|||||');
  var installedthemes = downdata[0];
  var currenttheme = downdata[1].toString();
  window.currenttheme = currenttheme;

function click(e) { 
      function setCSS() {
          chrome.tabs.insertCSS(null, {file:currenttheme + ".css"});
      setTimeout(function(){setCSS()}, 1250);
      document.getElementById('iFrameLocation').innerHTML = "<iframe src='http://localhost:8888/wr_dta.php?newid=""'></iframe>";

document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', function () {
  var divs = document.querySelectorAll('div');
  for (var i = 0; i < divs.length; i++) {
    divs[i].addEventListener('click', click);


You can programmatically create a new <link> tag and add it to the <head> section just like JS files are loaded dynamically.

var link = document.createElement("link");
link.href = "";
link.type = "text/css";
link.rel = "stylesheet";

Here’s an article on the topic.

Source: stackoverflow