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How to handle errors in fetch() responses with Redux-Saga?

I try to handle Unauthorized error from server using redux-saga. This is my saga:

function* logIn(action) {
  try {
    const user = yield call(Api.logIn, action);
    yield put({type: types.LOG_IN_SUCCEEDED, user});
  } catch (error) {
    yield put({type: types.LOG_IN_FAILED, error});
  }
}

I fetch data like this:

fetchUser(action) {
  const {username, password} = action.user;
  const body = {username, password};
  return fetch(LOGIN_URL, {
    method,
    headers: {
      'Accept': 'application/json',
      'Content-Type': 'application/json',
    },
    body: JSON.stringify(body)
  })
    .then(res => {
      res.json().then(json => {
        if (res.status >= 200 && res.status < 300) {
          return json
        } else {
          throw res
        }
      })
    })
    .catch(error => {throw error});
}

But anyway result is {type: 'LOG_IN_SUCCEEDED', user: undefined} when I expect {type: 'LOG_IN_FAILED', error: 'Unauthorized'}. Where is my mistake? How to handle errors right using Redux-Saga?

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Answer

Don’t handle the then and error in your fetchUser method and your saga. Since you are already try/catching in your saga, you could handle it there.

Example

Saga

function* logIn(action) {
  try {
    const response = yield call(Api.logIn, action);

    if (response.status >= 200 && response.status < 300) {
      const user = yield response.json();

      yield put({ type: types.LOG_IN_SUCCEEDED, user });
    } else {
      throw response;
    }
  } catch (error) {
    yield put({ type: types.LOG_IN_FAILED, error });
  }
}

Fetch

fetchUser(action) {
  const { username, password } = action.user;
  const body = { username, password };

  return fetch(LOGIN_URL, {
    method,
    headers: {
      'Accept': 'application/json',
      'Content-Type': 'application/json',
    },
    body: JSON.stringify(body)
  })
}

As a side note: I find fetch‘s api a little awkward because it returns a then-able response when you make a request. There are many libraries out there; personally I prefer axios which returns json by default.

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