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wait for asynchronous functions to finish in Angular

So I was working on a new component in Angular and in the ngOninit I have the following asynchronous functions below…

This.getUserProfile needs to be finished before I can call this.getPrivateGroup() and this.getPrivateGroup() needs to be finished before I can call this.loadGroupPosts(). I know I could write these functions inside the callback of the asynchronous requests, but I was wondering if there is a way to keep it in ngOnInit to keep it cleaner?

Anyone has an idea?

ngOnInit() {

    this.getUserProfile();

    // my-workplace depends on a private group and we need to fetch that group and edit
    // the group data before we proceed and get the group post
    if (this.isItMyWorkplace) {
      this.getPrivateGroup();
    }
    this.loadGroupPosts();
  }

getUserProfile() {
    this._userService.getUser()
      .subscribe((res) => {
        this.user = res.user;
        console.log('log user', this.user);
        this.profileImage = res.user['profile_pic'];
        this.profileImage = this.BASE_URL + `/uploads/${this.profileImage}`;
      }, (err) => {
        this.alert.class = 'alert alert-danger';
        if (err.status === 401) {
          this.alert.message = err.error.message;
          setTimeout(() => {
            localStorage.clear();
            this._router.navigate(['']);
          }, 3000);
        } else if (err.status) {
          this.alert.class = err.error.message;
        } else {
          this.alert.message = 'Error! either server is down or no internet connection';
        }
      });
  }



getPrivateGroup() {
    console.log('user check', this.user);
    this.groupService.getPrivateGroup(`${this.user.first_name}${this.user.last_name}`)
      .subscribe((group) => {
          console.log('received response', group)
    })
  }

 // !--LOAD ALL THE GROUP POSTS ON INIT--! //
  loadGroupPosts() {
    this.isLoading$.next(true);

    this.postService.getGroupPosts(this.group_id)
      .subscribe((res) => {
        // console.log('Group posts:', res);
        this.posts = res['posts'];
        console.log('Group posts:', this.posts);
        this.isLoading$.next(false);
        this.show_new_posts_badge = 0;
      }, (err) => {
        swal("Error!", "Error while retrieving the posts " + err, "danger");
      });
  }
  // !--LOAD ALL THE GROUP POSTS ON INIT--! //

Answer

You can use basic promises with async/await.

async ngOnInit() {

    await this.getUserProfile(); // <-- 1. change

    // my-workplace depends on a private group and we need to fetch that group and edit
    // the group data before we proceed and get the group post
    if (this.isItMyWorkplace) {
      this.getPrivateGroup();
    }
    this.loadGroupPosts();
  }

async getUserProfile() {
    this._userService.getUser()
      .subscribe((res) => {
        this.user = res.user;
        console.log('log user', this.user);
        this.profileImage = res.user['profile_pic'];
        this.profileImage = this.BASE_URL + `/uploads/${this.profileImage}`;
        return true; // <-- this
      }, (err) => {
        this.alert.class = 'alert alert-danger';
        if (err.status === 401) {
          this.alert.message = err.error.message;
          setTimeout(() => {
            localStorage.clear();
            this._router.navigate(['']);
          }, 3000);
        } else if (err.status) {
          this.alert.class = err.error.message;
        } else {
          this.alert.message = 'Error! either server is down or no internet connection';
        }
        throw err;
      });

}

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