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typescript and reactjs : how to use map – ERROR ts(7053)

this is my first asked question in here, so please help me to improve.

In Typescript (ReactJs) given two arrays:

const array1:String = ["prop1", "prop2"];
const array2:MyType = { prop1 : "value1", prop2: "value2 }

where MyType is a kind:

type MyType = {
  prop1: string, 
  prop2: string
}

how can i print “value1” with the following code?

console.log(array1.map(x => array2[x])

Right now I’am getting the following error:

const array2: MyType
Element implicitly has an 'any' type because expression of type 'string' can't be used to index type 'MyType'.
No index signature with a parameter of type 'string' was found on type 'MyType'.ts(7053)

Answer

You’re off to a good start, but there are a few things to fix!

Firstly, your first code snippet has incorrect types:

const array1:String = ["prop1", "prop2"];
const array2:MyType = { prop1 : "value1", prop2: "value2 }

array1 isn’t a String, it’s an array of strings. So its type should be string[]. You’re also missing a quote after "value2:

const array1: string[] = ["prop1", "prop2"];
const array2: MyType = { prop1: "value1", prop2: "value2" }

Next, you have a syntax error in your console.log—it’s missing the ending ):

console.log(array1.map(x => array2[x]))

Then lastly @CertainPerformance’s answer can come in and save you: the type of array1 can be made more specific.

const array1: (keyof MyType)[] = ["prop1", "prop2"];
// or, equivalently
const array1: Array<keyof MyType> = ["prop1", "prop2"];

All together now:

type MyType = {
  prop1: string, 
  prop2: string
}

const array1: (keyof MyType)[] = ["prop1", "prop2"];
const array2: MyType = { prop1 : "value1", prop2: "value2" }

console.log(array1.map(x => array2[x]))

Now, you asked about how to print value1. This will actually log ["value1", "value2"]. To log only the first one you can just access the first element after your .map():

console.log(array1.map(x => array2[x])[0])