Trying to understand the difference between passing ‘this’ vs. a reference to the event

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I am trying to understand the differences between passing ‘this’ to a function versus passing a reference to the event itself.

I am testing with two separate divs and each has a separate function for mouseover and mouseout events. I pass just ‘this’ to one function and I pass both ‘this’ and ‘e’ to the other. My example is here: http://jsfiddle.net/jkolden/NQvaL/13/

document.getElementById('output').onmouseover = function(e) {mousein(e, this);};
document.getElementById('myDiv').onmouseover = function() {mouseinAlt(this);};

It seems as though the ‘this’ keyword is always going to refer to the html element to which I attach my listener, but ‘e’ will refer to the child of that html element is being moused over; is that a correct statement? I’m just curious if I am understanding this properly and if my example is using these in an appropriate manner.

Answer

this refers to the element to which you attached the event. e refers to the event object. Within that event object is a reference to the event’s target (not always the same property in every browser, in IE it’s srcElement), which is the element on which the event was dispatched.

See more here: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/event.target



Source: stackoverflow