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Sign in Javascript and Verify in Flask

It is easy to sign and verify in Javascript using existing libraries. However, it is confusing if we want to generate a public-private key pair in Javascript, sign a text and then verify in Flask. I already know some differences, like the default hashing in Javascript side as against python side. However, the verification in Flask side still fails.


function send(){
    promise =   window.crypto.subtle.generateKey(algo,
                    true, //whether the key is extractable (i.e. can be used in exportKey)
                    ["sign", "verify"] //can be any combination of "sign" and "verify"
    promise.then( (keys) => {
        priv = keys.privateKey
        pub = keys.publicKey
        const pub_key_export = exportCryptoKey(pub)
        return pub_key_export.then( (pub_key) => {
            console.log("storing keys in", pub_key)
            signature = window.crypto.subtle.sign(algo, priv, enc_msg);
            signature.then((sign) => {
                sgn = window.btoa(ab2str(sign));
                $.post("verify", {"pub": pub_key, "data": ab2str(enc_msg), "signature": sgn}, function(data){
                    console.log("data", data);

def verifySignature(signature, data, pub_key):
    key = RSA.importKey(pub_key)
    h ="utf-8"))
    verifier =
    return verifier.verify(h, signature)



btoa(raw_binary_bytes) will encode your payload into base64 in js, this is done to prevent issues when transmitting raw bytes.

you need to call the decode method in python with base64.b64decode(encoded_bytes) to get the actual encrypted bytes, which you can then decrypt