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JavaScript Regex to match a URL in a field of text

How can I setup my regex to test to see if a URL is contained in a block of text in javascript. I cant quite figure out the pattern to use to accomplish this

 var urlpattern = new RegExp( "(http|ftp|https)://[w-_]+(.[w-_]+)+([w-.,@?^=%&:/~+#]*[w-@?^=%&/~+#])?"

 var txtfield = $('#msg').val() /*this is a textarea*/

 if ( urlpattern.test(txtfield) ){
        //do something about it


So the Pattern I have now works in regex testers for what I need it to do but chrome throws an error

  "Invalid regular expression: /(http|ftp|https)://[w-_]+(.[w-_]+)+([w-.,@?^=%&:/~+#]*[w-@?^=%&/~+#])?/: Range out of order in character class"

for the following code:

var urlexp = new RegExp( '(http|ftp|https)://[w-_]+(.[w-_]+)+([w-.,@?^=%&:/~+#]*[w-@?^=%&/~+#])?' );



Though escaping the dash characters (which can have a special meaning as character range specifiers when inside a character class) should work, one other method for taking away their special meaning is putting them at the beginning or the end of the class definition.

In addition, + and @ in a character class are indeed interpreted as + and @ respectively by the JavaScript engine; however, the escapes are not necessary and may confuse someone trying to interpret the regex visually.

I would recommend the following regex for your purposes:


this can be specified in JavaScript either by passing it into the RegExp constructor (like you did in your example):

var urlPattern = new RegExp("(http|ftp|https)://[w-]+(.[w-]+)+([w.,@?^=%&:/~+#-]*[w@?^=%&/~+#-])?")

or by directly specifying a regex literal, using the // quoting method:

var urlPattern = /(http|ftp|https)://[w-]+(.[w-]+)+([w.,@?^=%&:/~+#-]*[w@?^=%&/~+#-])?/

The RegExp constructor is necessary if you accept a regex as a string (from user input or an AJAX call, for instance), and might be more readable (as it is in this case). I am fairly certain that the // quoting method is more efficient, and is at certain times more readable. Both work.

I tested your original and this modification using Chrome both on <JSFiddle> and on <>, using the Client-Side regex engine (browser) and specifically selecting JavaScript. While the first one fails with the error you stated, my suggested modification succeeds. If I remove the h from the http in the source, it fails to match, as it should!


As noted by @noa in the comments, the expression above will not match local network (non-internet) servers or any other servers accessed with a single word (e.g. http://localhost/… or https://sharepoint-test-server/…). If matching this type of url is desired (which it may or may not be), the following might be more appropriate:



<End Edit>

Finally, an excellent resource that taught me 90% of what I know about regex is – I highly recommend it if you want to learn regex (both what it can do and what it can’t)!

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