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How to efficiently check if variable is Array or Object (in NodeJS & V8)?

Is there any way to efficiently check if the variable is Object or Array, in NodeJS & V8?

I’m writing a Model for MongoDB and NodeJS, and to traverse the object tree I need to know if the object is simple (Number, String, …) or composite (Hash, Array).

It seems that V8 has fast built-in Array.isArray, but how to check if object is an Object? I mean complex object like hash {} or instance of class, not something like new String()?

Usually it may be done as this:

Object.prototype.toString.call(object) == "[object Object]"

or this:

object === Object(object)

But it seems that this operations aren’t cheap, maybe there’s some more efficient? It’s ok if it’s not universal and doesn’t works on all engines, I need it only to work on V8.

Answer

All objects are instances of at least one class – Object – in ECMAScript. You can only differentiate between instances of built-in classes and normal objects using Object#toString. They all have the same level of complexity, for instance, whether they are created using {} or the new operator.

Object.prototype.toString.call(object) is your best bet to differentiate between normal objects and instances of other built-in classes, as object === Object(object) doesn’t work here. However, I can’t see a reason why you would need to do what you’re doing, so perhaps if you share the use case I can offer a little more help.