How to create image scrolling parallax effect with CSS?

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I saw this cool scrolling effect online…

enter image description here

Where the image blends with the next image when scrolling through sections. I’ve been trying to reproduce it, but I can’t seem to figure it out? How can I create this effect on the web?

Here is the link to where I saw the effect… http://readingbuddysoftware.com/how-it-works/

I’ve tried using position: fixed on the screenshots with the z-index of the section higher then the image, but the last screenshot is always on the top.

Any ideas?

Update: For various reasons (including placement, using slants…), I can’t use the background-image css solution. I need a solution for using the <img> element.

Answer

This can be done using background-attchement:fixed and two similar images.

Here is a simple example:

body {
  min-height:200vh;
  margin:0;
  background:url(https://picsum.photos/id/1069/150/150?grayscale) 20px 20px no-repeat;
  background-attachment:fixed;
}

.box {
  margin-top:220px;
  height:200px;
  background:url(https://picsum.photos/id/1069/150/150) 20px 20px no-repeat,
  grey;
  background-attachment:fixed;
}
<div class="box">

</div>

That you can easily scale with many images:

body {
  min-height:250vh;
  margin:0;
  background:url(https://picsum.photos/id/1069/150/150?grayscale) 50px 50px/auto no-repeat;
  background-attachment:fixed;
}

.box {
  height:200px;
  background:url(https://picsum.photos/id/1069/150/150) 50px 50px/auto no-repeat,
  grey;
  background-attachment:fixed;
}
.box:first-child {
  margin-top:200px;
}
<div class="box">
</div>
<div class="box" style="background-image:url(https://picsum.photos/id/11/150/150);background-color:yellow">
</div>
<div class="box" style="background-image:url(https://picsum.photos/id/106/150/150);background-color:pink">
</div>

You can also consider the use of img and position:fixed but you will need some trick to hide the overflow using clip-path

body {
  min-height: 250vh;
  margin: 0;
  padding-top: 100px;
}

img {
  position: fixed;
  top: 50px;
  left: 50px;
}

.box {
  height: 200px;
  background: grey;
  clip-path: inset(0);
}
<div class="box">
  <img src="https://picsum.photos/id/1074/200/120?grayscale">
</div>
<div class="box" style="background-color:red;">
  <img src="https://picsum.photos/id/1074/200/120">
</div>
<div class="box" style="background-color:yellow;">
  <img src="https://picsum.photos/id/1024/200/120?grayscale">
</div>
<div class="box" style="background-color:pink;">
  <img src="https://picsum.photos/id/1024/200/120">
</div>

Or using mask

body {
  min-height: 250vh;
  margin: 0;
  padding-top: 100px;
}

img {
  position: fixed;
  top: 50px;
  left: 50px;
}

.box {
  height: 200px;
  background: grey;
  -webkit-mask:linear-gradient(#fff,#fff);
          mask:linear-gradient(#fff,#fff);
}
<div class="box">
  <img src="https://picsum.photos/id/1074/200/120?grayscale">
</div>
<div class="box" style="background-color:red;">
  <img src="https://picsum.photos/id/1074/200/120">
</div>
<div class="box" style="background-color:yellow;">
  <img  src="https://picsum.photos/id/1024/200/120?grayscale">
</div>
<div class="box" style="background-color:pink;">
  <img src="https://picsum.photos/id/1024/200/120">
</div>

For better support, here is a similar idea with some JS to avoid the use of clip-path or mask

I will update the position of the image using a CSS variables but you can easily do without:

window.onscroll = function() {
  var scroll = window.scrollY || window.scrollTop || document.getElementsByTagName("html")[0].scrollTop;
  document.documentElement.style.setProperty('--scroll-var', scroll+"px");
}
:root {
  --scroll-var: 0px;
}

body {
  min-height: 150vh;
  margin: 0;
}

img {
  position: fixed;
  top: 20px;
  left: 20px;
}

.box {
  margin-top: 220px;
  height: 200px;
  background: grey;
  position: relative;
  overflow: hidden;
}

.box img {
  top: calc(-220px + 20px + var(--scroll-var));
  /* margin of box + top of the other image + scroll*/
  position: absolute;
}
<img src="https://picsum.photos/id/1069/150/150?grayscale">
<div class="box">
  <img src="https://picsum.photos/id/1069/150/150">
</div>

With many images:

window.onscroll = function() {
  var scroll = window.scrollY || window.scrollTop || document.getElementsByTagName("html")[0].scrollTop;
  document.documentElement.style.setProperty('--scroll-var', scroll+"px");
}
:root {
  --scroll-var: 0px;
}

body {
  min-height: 250vh;
  margin: 0;
  padding-top:200px;
}

img {
  position: fixed;
  top: 50px;
  left: 50px;
}

.box {
  height: 200px;
  background: grey;
  position: relative;
  overflow: hidden;
}
img.f1 {
  top: calc(-200px + 50px + var(--scroll-var));
  position: absolute;
}
img.f2 {
  top: calc(-400px + 50px + var(--scroll-var));
  position: absolute;
}
img.f3 {
  top: calc(-600px + 50px + var(--scroll-var));
  position: absolute;
}
<img src="https://picsum.photos/id/1069/100/100?grayscale">
<div class="box">
  <img class="f1" src="https://picsum.photos/id/1069/100/100">
</div>
<div class="box" style="background-color:yellow;">
  <img class="f2" src="https://picsum.photos/id/107/100/100">
</div>
<div class="box" style="background-color:pink;">
  <img class="f3" src="https://picsum.photos/id/1072/100/100">
</div>


Source: stackoverflow