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How to convert an array of key-value tuples into an object

I have an array:

[ [ 'cardType', 'iDEBIT' ],
  [ 'txnAmount', '17.64' ],
  [ 'txnId', '20181' ],
  [ 'txnType', 'Purchase' ],
  [ 'txnDate', '2015/08/13 21:50:04' ],
  [ 'respCode', '0' ],
  [ 'isoCode', '0' ],
  [ 'authCode', '' ],
  [ 'acquirerInvoice', '0' ],
  [ 'message', '' ],
  [ 'isComplete', 'true' ],
  [ 'isTimeout', 'false' ] ]

But I can’t access data via an array’s key, e.g. arr['txnId'] does not return 20181. How can I convert the above array of tuples into an object, so that I can easily access data by key.

Answer

Update June 2020

ECMAScript 2021 brings Object.fromEntries which does exactly the requirement:

const array =    [ [ 'cardType', 'iDEBIT' ],
      [ 'txnAmount', '17.64' ],
      [ 'txnId', '20181' ],
      [ 'txnType', 'Purchase' ],
      [ 'txnDate', '2015/08/13 21:50:04' ],
      [ 'respCode', '0' ],
      [ 'isoCode', '0' ],
      [ 'authCode', '' ],
      [ 'acquirerInvoice', '0' ],
      [ 'message', '' ],
      [ 'isComplete', 'true' ],
      [ 'isTimeout', 'false' ] ];
      
const obj = Object.fromEntries(array);
console.log(obj);

https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Object/fromEntries

This will do it:

const array =    [ [ 'cardType', 'iDEBIT' ],
      [ 'txnAmount', '17.64' ],
      [ 'txnId', '20181' ],
      [ 'txnType', 'Purchase' ],
      [ 'txnDate', '2015/08/13 21:50:04' ],
      [ 'respCode', '0' ],
      [ 'isoCode', '0' ],
      [ 'authCode', '' ],
      [ 'acquirerInvoice', '0' ],
      [ 'message', '' ],
      [ 'isComplete', 'true' ],
      [ 'isTimeout', 'false' ] ];
    
var obj = {};
array.forEach(function(data){
    obj[data[0]] = data[1]
});
console.log(obj);