Skip to content
Advertisement

how to add user data javascript

I am having trouble being able to add user input data. I can get it working when I add in the data myself all the users show up in the console in the array. For people 1-3 I would like them to enter their name and favorite color but I can’t seem to be able to store it or at least have it come up in the console. I did remove person 2 and 3 from the array so I can test it easier and quicker. if you were to take the

    user: document.getElementById('name').value,
    color: document.getElementById('color').value,

and all the comments it would work and show up in console how i want it to but cant seem to do user data. Sorry if this is confusing i am a new to javascript.

    <!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <title>Document</title>
</head>
<body>

    <form>
        <div class="formBox">
            <label for="name">Name</label>
            <input type="text" id="name" placeholder="Name"/>
        </div>


        <div class="formBox">
            <label for="color">Favorite color</label>
            <input type="text" id="color" placeholder="Color"/>
        </div>

        <div class="formBox">
            <button id="btn">Click to Add</button>
        </div>
        <div id="msg">
            <pre></pre>
        </div>
    </form>
    

    <script >


const person1 = {
    user: document.getElementById('name').value,
    color: document.getElementById('color').value,

   /* user: "Sarah",
    color: "Yellow",*/
  };


  /* const person2 = {
    user: "Aaron",
    color: "Yellow"
  };
  
  const person3 = {
    user: "Sarah",
    color: "Green",
  };
  */
  array = [person1]
  
  sort = array.sort(function(a, b){
      if(a.user < b.user) { return -1; }
      if(a.user > b.user) { return 1; }
      return 0;
  })
  
  console.log(sort)



    </script>
</body>
</html>

Answer

The javascript in your code is running start to finish every time you refresh the page and when you’re clicking the click to add button, you’re submitting the form, which automatically refreshes the page. You can make a couple of tweaks in your code to fix this…

  1. You can add type="button" as a property of your button to tell the browser that this is a button and not a way of submitting your form. By doing this your page wont refresh when you click it.

  2. You want your javascript code to run when you click the button, not when the page loads. To do this you need to wrap it in a function and add an onclick handler to your button that executes the function when the button is clicked. You’ll notice the array is initialised outside the function, this is because we do want the array to be initialised when you load the page, and not when the button is clicked, otherwise we would be overwriting the array every time we added something to it.

const array = []

const addUser = () => {
  const person1 = {
    user: document.getElementById('name').value,
    color: document.getElementById('color').value,
  };

  array.push(person1)

  sort = array.sort(function(a, b){
      if(a.user < b.user) { return -1; }
      if(a.user > b.user) { return 1; }
      return 0;
  })

  console.log(sort)

}
<form>
  <div class="formBox">
      <label for="name">Name</label>
      <input type="text" id="name" placeholder="Name"/>
  </div>


  <div class="formBox">
      <label for="color">Favorite color</label>
      <input type="text" id="color" placeholder="Color"/>
  </div>

  <div class="formBox">
      <button
        id="btn"
        type="button"
        onclick="addUser(this)"
      >Click to Add</button>
  </div>
  <div id="msg">
      <pre></pre>
  </div>
</form>
Advertisement