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Currying a function that takes infinite arguments

Using ES5, how do you curry a function that takes infinite arguments.

function add(a, b, c) {
    return a + b + c;

The function above takes only three arguments but we want our curried version to be able to take infinite arguments.

Hence, of all the following test cases should pass:

var test = add(1);

test(2);     //should return 3
test(2,3);   //should return 6
test(4,5,6); //should return 16

Here is the solution that I came up with:

function add(a, b, c) {
    var args =;

    return function () {
        var secondArgs =;
        var totalArguments = secondArgs.concat(args);

        var sum = 0;

        for (i = 0; i < totalArguments.length; i++) {
            sum += totalArguments[0];

        return sum;

However, I have been told that it’s not very “functional” in style.


Part of the reason your add function is not very “functional” is because it is attempting to do more than just add up numbers passed to it. It would be confusing for other developers to look at your code, see an add function, and when they call it, get a function returned to them instead of the sum.

For example:

//Using your add function, I'm expecting 6
add(1,2,3) //Returns another function = confusing!

The functional approach

The functional approach would be to create a function that allows you to curry any other functions, and simplify your add function:

function curry(fn) {
    var args =, 1);

    return function () {
        return fn.apply(this, args.concat(
      , 0)

function add() {
    var args =;

    return args.reduce(function (previousValue, currentValue) {
        return previousValue + currentValue;

Now, if you want to curry this function, you would just do:

var curry1 = curry(add, 1);
        curry1(2), // Logs 3
        curry1(2, 3), // Logs 6
        curry1(4, 5, 6) // Logs 16

//You can do this with as many arguments as you want
var curry15 = curry(add, 1,2,3,4,5);
console.log(curry15(6,7,8,9)); // Logs 45

If I still want to add 1, 2, 3 up I can just do:

add(1,2,3) //Returns 6, AWESOME!

Continuing the functional approach

This code is now becoming reusable from everywhere.

You can use that curry function to make other curried function references without any additional hassle.

Sticking with the math theme, lets say we had a multiply function that multiplied all numbers passed to it:

function multiply() {
    var args =;

    return args.reduce(function (previousValue, currentValue) {
        return previousValue * currentValue;

multiply(2,4,8) // Returns 64

var curryMultiply2 = curry(multiply, 2);
curryMultiply2(4,8) // Returns 64

This functional currying approach allows you take that approach to any function, not just mathematical ones. Although the supplied curry function does not support all edge cases, it offers a functional, simple solution to your problem that can easily be built upon.