Communicate between two pages / tabs

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I’m wanting a JavaScript file to control two HTML files simultaneously.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <title>tryAgainPage1</title>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
</head>
<body>

  <div id="page1"></div>

  <script src="tryAgain.js"></script>
</body>
</html>

That’s page one. Next is page two.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <title>tryAgainPage2</title>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
</head>
<body>

  <div id="page2"></div>

  <script src="tryAgain.js"></script>
</body>
</html>

And here is the JavaScript:

newFunction();

function newFunction() {
    document.getElementById("page1").innerHTML = "page one says hello";
    document.getElementById("page2").innerHTML = "page two says goodbye";
}

Page one is working, page two isn’t. I’ve been trying for a day to get pages talking to each other, without success. I’m not sure I understand how to implement Broadcast channel in this instance (if indeed that is appropriate.) Can anyone help?

Answer

postMessage

If you’re looking for a way to make two pages or tabs communicate you can take a look at:
MDN Window.postMessage, and read this postMessage article
or MDN Broadcast_Channel_API

Using Broadcast Channel API page1 — page2

How it works:

  • pageX subscribes to a named Broadcast Channel object
  • pageY broadcasts to the same Channel name using postMessage
  • pageX listens to "message" events and prints the Event.data

And vice-versa.

JavaScript Communicate between tabs using Broadcast Channel API

page1.html

<h1>PAGE 1</h1>
<p><button data-broadcast="Page 1 talking!">BROADCAST</button></p>
Page 2 says: <div id="page2"></div>
<script src="comm.js"></script>

page2.html

<h1>PAGE 2</h1>
<p><button data-broadcast="Page 2! 'Allo 'Allo!">BROADCAST</button></p>
Page 1 says: <div id="page1"></div>
<script src="comm.js"></script>

comm.js

var bc = new BroadcastChannel('comm');

document.querySelector("[data-broadcast]").addEventListener("click", ev => {
  bc.postMessage( ev.target.dataset.broadcast );
});

const targetEl = document.querySelectorAll("#page1, #page2");

bc.addEventListener("message", ev => {
    [...targetEl].forEach( el => el.innerHTML = ev.data );
});

localStorage and the storage Event

Another simple, yet cool way, if both tabs are on the same domain is by using
Window.localStorageMDN and its Storage Event.

How it works:

  • pageX writes to localstorage[pageX]
  • pageY‘s window will trigger a storage event
  • pageY can now read localstorage[pageX] or better (to make it simpler (and pageN agnostic)) the Event.newValue sent by the storage event

And vice-versa.

For starters: DEMO: page1 — page2

JavaScript Communicate between tabs using localStorage

page1.html

<h1>PAGE 1</h1>
<textarea data-sender="page1" placeholder="Write to page 2"></textarea>
Page 2 says:  <div id="page2"></div>
<script src="comm.js"></script>

page2.html

<h1>PAGE 2</h1>
<textarea data-sender="page2" placeholder="Write to page 1"></textarea>
Page 1 says:  <div id="page1"></div>
<script src="comm.js"></script>

comm.js

// RECEIVER
window.addEventListener("storage", ev => {
    document.getElementById( ev.key ).innerHTML = ev.newValue;
});

// SENDER
[...document.querySelectorAll("[data-sender]")].forEach( el =>
    el.addEventListener("input", ev => localStorage[el.dataset.sender] = el.value )
);

Web RTC

You could use Web RTC (Web Real-Time Communications). A technology which enables Web applications and sites to capture and optionally stream audio and/or video media, as well as to exchange arbitrary data between browsers


Your main errors:

Your script was not working on one page… actually on both, the only difference was that on page 1 broke after realizing #page2 Element could not be found – Inversely on the other page broke immediately after realizing there is no "#page1" Element (since first in order).
You should always check if al element exists using if ( someElement ) { /*found!*/ } .

And yes, you cannot make communicate two pages that way. They will only share / include the same JS file.



Source: stackoverflow